Les émotions au travail (Ashforth & Humphrey)

Ashforth & Humphrey (1993, 1995) parlent d’interpénétration des émotions et de la rationalité dans 3 domaines :

1) La motivation, donc l’engagement réel d’un individu, n’est possible qu’à travers une connexion émotionnelle avec le travail

2) Le leadership, où la rationalité est perçue comme de la manipulation

3) La dynamique de groupe, où la contagion émotionnelle a un effet cohésif et catalytique des conflits

Emotional labor is the display of expected emotions by service agents during service encounters. It is performed through surface acting, deep acting, or the expression of genuine emotion. Emotional labor may facilitate task effectiveness and self-expression, but it also may prime customer expectations that cannot be met and may trigger emotive dissonance and self-alienation.

However, following social identity theory, we argue that some effects of emotional labor are moderated by one’s social and personal identities and that emotional labor stimulates pressures for the person to identify with the service role. Research implications for the micro, meso, and macro levels of organizations are discussed.

(Ashforth & Humphrey, 1993)

Emotion in the Workplace : A Reappraisal

Although the experience of work is saturated with emotion, research has generally neglected the impact of everyday emotions on organizational life. Further, organizational scholars and practitioners frequently appear to assume that emotionality is the antithesis of rationality and, thus, frequently hold a pejorative view of emotion. This has led to four institutionalized mechanisms for regulating the experience and expression of emotion in the workplace: (1) neutralizing, (2) buffering, (3) prescribing, and (4) normalizing emotion. In contrast to this perspective, we argue that emotionality and rationality are interpenetrated, emotions are an integral and inseparable part of organizational life, and emotions are often functional for the organization. This argument is illustrated by applications to motivation, leadership, and group dynamics.

(Ashforth & Humphrey, 1995)

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